How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is likely certainly one of the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots again to these prehistoric days when somebody grabbed a digging instrument and started burrowing into the bottom. In the many millennia since, mining has grown into one of the world’s most important and widespread industrial enterprises, with operations spread throughout the globe whereas tasked with recovering an nearly inexhaustible record of priceless commodities.
In truth, in accordance with the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined products have been recovered in 2018, up from eleven.3 billion metric tons in 2000 and nearly double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian international locations accounted for fifty eight p.c of the 2018 manufacturing, with North America second at 15.1 p.c, adopted by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.eight percent), Latin America (6.three percent), and Africa (5.3 percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) were probably the most prolific producers, with their whole fifty one.1 % of production more than the the rest of the world mixed.
This implies that the mining industry is a strong one, with solid development expected to proceed within the coming years in many regions of the world. It additionally implies that mining operations will continue to rely on pumping technologies that supply sturdy, reliable, and protected service in a number of important liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why constructive displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps could be the best choice for so much of of these functions.
THE CHALLENGE
While mining would possibly look like nothing more than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy equipment or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to entry from above—there are, actually, many complicated and generally delicate operations that must be carried out correctly if the mining operation is to carry out at its highest stage of efficiency.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping technology that can operate reliably in harsh and remote areas, even when submerged, or when tasked with dealing with particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive products, and in addition one that is prepared to be maintained and repaired just so downtime is lessened. The pumps must also be mild sufficient to be manually moved from location to location throughout the mine itself.
For many years, a well-liked selection for use in these conditions was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are able to create the excessive flow charges which are required, they have numerous operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining purposes: an incapability to self-prime or run dry; particular seals needed to prevent leaks; particular linings needed to deal with solids; excessive motor speeds of up to 1,800 rpm; and comparatively excessive maintenance necessities and costs, especially when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another in style selection has been the progressive cavity pump, but, like centrifugal pumps, they have a selection of operational shortcomings. These embrace an incapability to persistently handle liquids with excessive levels of abrasives, which outcomes in elevated maintenance costs, wear on costly stators and rotors that may ultimately must be replaced, and total higher buy, working, and repair/replacement prices.
Here are some of the specific liquid-transfer operations that take place in a mine and the ways in which some pump applied sciences can fall quick in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing excess produced water from the mine is a important 24/7/365 operation and the water that is recovered is often stuffed with particulates that could be as large as zero.12 to 0.16 inches in size. If used in this application, centrifugal pumps require particular supplies of building, which can be cost prohibitive, to protect in opposition to impeller wear attributable to the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are also not dry-run capable, which adversely affects their stage of performance in this application.
General service: For frequent liquid-handling functions, you need an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip lines, function at low speeds while still delivering high move charges, and be easy to take care of and restore. Centrifugal pumps simply do not possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted components of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This typically demands a necessity to make use of special mechanical seals, which might lead to exorbitant maintenance, repair, and substitute prices.
เกจแรงดันน้ำ : Press filters are used to scrub the liquids which might be produced in the mines and, once more, centrifugal pumps can fall quick on this utility because the solid-laden liquid can damage the pump’s internals until special, dearer supplies of construction or linings are used. Also, the character of press-filter operation creates a robust discharge-pressure variation that can force the centrifugal pump to function away from its greatest efficiency point (BEP), leading to excessive vibration and radial loads that may lead to shortened service life. A solution to that is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, however these are expensive and may negatively affect the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product transfer: This is available in all forms in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vans with new and used oil for the heavy machinery, fresh and fouled water, and any chemical substances which are required. In every occasion, there’s the chance that the pump shall be compelled to run dry because the truck or storage vessel is emptied, while discharge-pressure variation can also generate excessive vibration and radial masses. As beforehand illustrated, centrifugal pumps can not run dry, in order that they want protection from this condition or the addition of special seals. However, all of these upgrades still can’t completely shield against a catastrophic failure.
THE SOLUTION
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have proven to not be the most effective solution in lots of liquid-handling functions in mining, one pump know-how that has proven to be an optimum choice is AODD—in phrases of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and upkeep, and security for mining personnel and the environment.
AODD pumps are able to carry out effectively in mining functions as a end result of their methodology of operation allows them to simply handle variable circulate rates and pressures, whereas being dry-run and line-stripping capable, and nimble sufficient to transfer liquids which are shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, in addition to slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and other particulates.
The easy design of the AODD pump options few moving elements and comparably decrease speeds than other pump technologies, which improves reliability and simplifies maintenance, whereas the pump’s seal-less construction ends in fewer leaks, which is a critical consideration when dealing with the various hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids which are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps are available in each steel (most commonly aluminum, ductile iron and forged iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, whereas a wide selection of elastomers can be utilized within the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility issues.
A broad variety of AODD pump configurations present operational flexibility that may also lead to optimized efficiency at many levels. The capacity to function AODD pumps in a variety of purposes, from basic basic use to delicate chemical-handling processes, permits operators to more cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can be less costly to operate, especially those fashions which would possibly be outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most basic, AODD pumps excel in the typical rugged and harsh working conditions discovered within the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents along with corresponding downtime and restore costs.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping principle sixty-five years ago, has been dedicated to developing technologies that meet the wants of mining operations. Today, Wilden offers three AODD pump fashions that are built to excel in mining functions, available in ductile iron, forged iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar supplies of building:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which function a bolted configuration, have been built to be used in purposes that require the dealing with of liquids featuring giant solids. The Brahma pumps have a singular top-inlet/bottom-discharge flow orientation and flap valves that permit the passage of huge solids with no danger that injury will happen because of product entrapment or the settling of solids throughout the pump’s internal circulate paths. Brahma pumps can be found in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to reduce air consumption by up to 60 percent. The T810 and T1510 models are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate vary for the four Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures up to 125 psi with solids-handling functionality ranging from 2 to 3 inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps characteristic a clamped design with carrying handles for light-weight portability. Their design options massive internal clearances and flow-through paths for straightforward passage of huge solids with no probability for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve meeting further permits solids passage, while a polyurethane screen base at the inlet increases the pump’s sturdiness. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) fashions are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps featuring the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most sturdy ADS design for the toughest environments. Flow charges amongst the six models range from fifty seven gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures as a lot as 125 psi. Solids sizes that may be dealt with range from half of to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps characteristic clamped or bolted configuration. Their design options completely different chamber materials, including metal and plastics, even Kynar, which is capable of dealing with excessive levels of abrasive supplies. The Pro-Flo SHIFT is also the most efficient AODD pump out there, able to reducing as a lot as 60 p.c air consumption. This makes it the best choice for dealing with corrosive and abrasive merchandise in mining processes. The pumps have a product range that goes from 1.5 to three inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are capable of be outfitted with a broad selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a various array of supplies, such as Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm range gives customers the widest number of diaphragms available on the market, all of which are able to offering prolonged imply time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with reduced maintenance, repair, and replacement prices.
All of those capabilities make AODD pumps the perfect selection for the aforementioned common liquid-handling applications in mining: dewatering, common service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and every day product transfer.
CONCLUSION
In abstract, Wilden AODD pumps are the finest choice for mining applications because they provide appreciable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead capability, along with increased operational security and a reduction in maintenance/repair costs that may be incurred by pumps that are not designed to deal with abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps also outperform different AODD technologies in other vital ways: easy design with the bottom number of components for quicker, easier, and safer repairs and the lowest number of spare elements to inventory; recent improvements in materials of construction that increase the pump’s MTBF; and improved effectivity through the usage of the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which in the end leads to quicker product transfer with lower air consumption. Wilden also continues to innovate through the development of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, each of which increase service life and safety while not compromising the dealing with of challenging liquids.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
Fernando Meneses is the regional supervisor North Latin America for Wilden, a leading manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He can be reached at fernando.meneses@psgdover.com. Wilden is a product brand of PSG®, a Dover firm. PSG is comprised of a quantity of leading pump firms, together with Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For extra data, visit www.wildenpump.com or www.psgdover.com.
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