Switch points in vacuum ranges: How are they set?

Setting the switch points of an electronic pressure switch for a credit card applicatoin in the vacuum range is not a self-explanatory task. The following article therefore explains what has to be taken into account with this setting. It involves a pressure switch with a hysteresis function. Instruments with this particular configuration are most regularly installed in industrial applications.
Electronic pressure switches, including the WIKA models PSD-4 and PSD-4-ECO or the A-1200 pressure sensor with IO-Link, operate as ?normally closed? or ?normally open?, with respect to the task. The next graphics illustrate both switching functions with the respective switch and reset points:
In principle, the next applies: The switch point (SP) is higher than the reset point (RP) and the beginning of measuring range (MRS) is always smaller compared to the end of measuring range (MRE). This rule can be easily understood with settings for ambient air pressures.
Example: Control of a vacuum pump
Alternatively, setting the switch points in the vacuum range and therefore, ultimately, the switching function, requires more attention. To illustrate this, let?s take the control of a vacuum pump, for instance, which must maintain a vacuum between -0.7 bar and -0.5 bar. For the task described, we select a pressure switch with a measuring range of -1 ? 0 bar.
The start of measuring range (MRS) is therefore -1 bar, the finish of measuring range (MRE) 0 bar. This implies: At 0 bar (= start of operation) the switch should be closed, so that you can activate the vacuum pump. If the pressure drops to -0.7 bar, the switch must open and stop the pump. When the pressure reaches the upper limit value of -0.5 bar, the pump should once again start and run until the pressure has again dropped to -0.7 bar.
ow must the switch points be set in this vacuum range? Let?s take the two pictures and translate MRS and MRE:
Here it is clear that the ?normally open? function must be selected, otherwise the pump wouldn’t normally switch on. After entering Convenient , the schematic is obtained, which shows the way the pressure switch functions relative to the example:
Note
Information regarding WIKA?s electronic pressure switches are available on the WIKA website. Would you like to buy pressure switches? Inside our WIKA online-shop you will find a few of our standard designs. If you have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
Also read our posts
What’s meant by the switching function ?hysteresis? with electronic pressure switches?
What’s the difference between your switching functions ?hysteresis? and ?window? in pressure switches?
What’s meant by the ?normally open? switching function with pressure switches?

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